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Writing a New Chapter in Local Legislative Work in the New Era——Notes on the Leading Role of Local People's Congress and Its Standing Committee in Local Legislation

2019-12-30 09:44:36 来源: 遵义市政府门户网站 作者: 徐静 Time: 2019-12-30 09:44:36 Source: Author Zunyi municipal government portal: Xu Jing
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On October 1, 2015, the city enjoyed local legislative power in accordance with the law, and it could formulate local regulations on urban and rural construction and management, environmental protection, historical and cultural protection and other matters. For four years, the Municipal People ’s Congress and its Standing Committee have adhered to the local legislative work pattern of “leadership of the party committee, leadership of the people ’s congress, government support, and participation of all parties”. Based on the needs of the city ’s economic and social development and the construction of democracy and legal system, scientific legislation, democratic legislation, and legislation , Formulated the "Zunyi City Local Legislative Regulations", "Zunyi Municipality Centralized Drinking Water Protection Regulations", "Zunyi City Hailongtun Protection Regulations", "Zunyi City Xiangjiang Protection Regulations", "Zunyi City Civilization Construction Regulations" and other five parts Local regulations with local characteristics of Zunyi.

Highlighting local characteristics and standardizing the legislative procedures are specific measures to promote the process of governing the city according to law. In order to effectively strengthen the building of legislative capacity, the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress adheres to the pre-sessional learning system of the Standing Committee and promotes the full coverage of the learning laws of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress. At the same time, the Standing Committee of the Municipal People ’s Congress formulated and implemented the “Working Procedures for the Standing Committee of the Municipal People ’s Congress to Formulate Local Regulations” and the “Working Regulations of the Standing Committee on Legislative Contact of the Municipal People ’s Congress” to continuously improve the level of institutionalization and standardization of local legislative work. After the city obtained local legislative power, the Municipal People ’s Congress and its Standing Committee immediately drafted the city ’s first local regulation “Zunyi Local Legislative Regulations” and officially implemented it on June 6, 2016. Local legislation provides the legal basis.

The purpose of local legislation is to solve specific problems that require local regulations and guidance. When the Municipal People's Congress and its Standing Committee lead the formulation of local laws and regulations, they always pay attention to the actual situation of Zunyi, find the key points, strengthen the operability and enforceability of laws and regulations, and establish laws and regulations that are truly effective and solve practical problems.

Due to various reasons, the pollution source of the centralized drinking water source in the district under the jurisdiction of our city has great hidden dangers, and the protection task is arduous. The "Regulations on the Protection of Centralized Drinking Water Sources in Zunyi Municipality" was promulgated and implemented, reorganizing and standardizing the primary drinking water source primary protection zones, secondary protection zones and quasi-protection zones under the jurisdiction of the city. The responsibilities and obligations of the people's governments at all levels of Zunyi City, relevant departments and drinking water source management agencies in the protection of centralized drinking water sources in the central urban area were clarified. This has played a positive role in strengthening the protection of centralized drinking water sources in central urban areas, ensuring the safety of drinking water sources, maintaining the health of the people, and promoting sustainable economic and social development.

After Hailongtun's successful application for World Cultural Heritage, it has been favored by cultural relic workers and tourists at home and abroad. With the rapid increase in the number of people entering the Hailongtun Nature Reserve, problems such as increased pressure on heritage protection have arisen. In accordance with the work requirements of "legislation-oriented, problem-oriented, and needs-oriented" local legislation, the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress began to formulate local regulations on the protection of Hailongtun. On July 1, 2018, the "Zunyi City Hailongtun Protection Regulations" came into effect, which made up for the lack of special regulations to protect heritage sites, and is an important measure for the city to improve the cultural relics legal protection system.

The Xiangjiang River is a first-level tributary of the left bank of the Wujiang River, a tributary of the Yangtze River. It is an important river basin and source of drinking water in our city. The river is 155 kilometers long and flows through 9 counties (districts) such as Honghuagang District. It carries a variety of functions such as providing drinking water sources, storing water for flood release, and ecological regulation. In recent years, with rapid economic and social development and accelerated urban construction, the water environment carrying capacity of the Xiangjiang River has been severely challenged, and special local regulations are urgently required to regulate governance. On March 1, 2019, the "Zunyi City Xiangjiang Protection Regulations" came into effect, which provided a strong legal guarantee for the protection of the Xiangjiang water ecological environment in our city.

In 2007, our city started the establishment of a national civilized city. After 10 years of hard work, our city was awarded the title of "National Civilized City" by the Central Civilization Commission in 2017. The Municipal Party Committee attaches great importance to the consolidation and deepening of civilized cities nationwide, and has repeatedly emphasized the need to advance the work of civilized cities to the track of normalization and rule of law. In response, the Standing Committee of the Municipal People ’s Congress established a survey project on the implementation of the “Long-term Effective Management Mechanism for Civilized Cities in China” in 2018, and drafted the “Several Provisions on the Construction of Urban Civilization in Zunyi City (Draft)”. It was reviewed at the 18th and 19th meetings. After continuous improvement, the "Zunyi City Civilization Construction Regulations" were approved by the 21st meeting of the 5th NPC Standing Committee and approved by the 11th session of the 13th NPC Standing Committee. Several Provisions on the Construction of Urban Civilization in Zunyi City came into effect on November 1, 2019.

Over the past four years, the Municipal People's Congress and its Standing Committee have played a leading role in local legislation, grasping the leadership of project establishment, drafting, review and voting, and implementing precise legislation around local needs to enable each of the local regulations formulated It can stand, work, be executable, and be effective, and promote the city's economic and social development and the construction of democracy and the legal system.

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